Blockchain might also be the perfect way to back up data. Even though cloud storage systems are designed to be a go-to source for data safekeeping, they're not immune to hackers, or even infrastructure problems. Using blockchain as a backup source for cloud data centers -- or for any data, as Boeing is considering with GPS receivers on its planes -- could resolve this concern. 
While the Coins use a unique and independent blockchain for each of their variety, the Tokens can have several entries into the same blockchain. In essence, each Coin has its blockchain completely independent of any and all other Coins. This is not the same with the Tokens. We can find instances where several Tokens are built upon and entered into the same blockchain.
Whale is a powerful and professional team to accomplish popularized blockchain technology for a better lifestyle. It aims at bringing the breadth of technical applications and solutions for blockchain ecosystems, such as ASIC, cryptocurrency mining hardware, software-hardware integrated developments of IoT. The blockchain application video shows the various uses of Whale’s blockchain based platform.
Hence, welcome to one back-to-basics installment!–If you are  a veteran reader of this blog you probably won’t have much use for this, but with the advent of Windows Azure AD I feel there’s a lot of you just ramping up – hopefully this post will help shedding light on one of the most fundamental tasks we perform while handling identity, and why the initialization parameters you have to feed in our software are the way they are.
These blockchain based cryptographic tokens enable “distributed Internet tribes” to emerge. As opposed to traditional companies that are structured in a top manner with many layers of management (bureaucratic coordination), blockchain disrupt classic top-down governance structures with decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs). DAOs bound people together not by a legal entity and formal contracts, but instead by cryptographic tokens (incentives) and fully transparent rules that are written into the software.
Ride apps like Uber and Lyft represent the opposite of decentralization, since they essentially operate as dispatching hubs and use algorithms to control their fleets of drivers (and dictate what they charge). Blockchain could inject new options into that dynamic: with a distributed ledger, drivers and riders could create a more user-driven, value-oriented marketplace.
Instead of using a bank for transferring money, if we use a blockchain in such cases, the process becomes much easier and secure. There is no extra fee involved as the funds are directly processed by you thus, eliminating the need for a third party. Moreover, the blockchain database is decentralised and is not limited to any single location meaning that all the information and records kept on the blockchain are public and decentralized. Since the information is not stored in a single place, there’s no chance of corruption of the information by any hacker.
The blockchain ledger, also, provides a platform for what we call  “responsive, open data.” According to a 2013 report from McKinsey and Company, open data – freely accessible government-sourced data that is available over the internet to all citizens – can make the world richer by $2.6 trillion. Startups can use this data to uncover fraudulent schemes, farmers can use it to perform precision farm-cropping, and parents can investigate the side effects of medicine for their sick children. Right now, this data is released only once a year and is, largely, non-responsive to citizens input. The blockchain, as a public ledger, can open this data to citizens whenever and wherever they want.
This is completely unsurprising as a legal theory, but it is an important extension of the legal risk of ICOs that sell security tokens without registering them: The legal risks are not just for the people doing the ICO (and collecting the proceeds), but also for the people running the trading platforms (and collecting only trading fees). Crypto exchanges and brokers have to diligence whether the tokens they list comply with the securities laws; if they don’t, then the exchanges and brokers are also at risk.

EOS - EOS is a top ten crypto, and the team is building a blockchain platform that is feeless and scalable. The team has already announced they will be airdropping projects that will be going live on the platform such as Everipedia. The EOS mainnet will launch and June and it could pay major dividends moving forward to register and hold EOS for future airdrops as well. It currently trades at $11.48 on Binance.


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Open blockchains are more user-friendly than some traditional ownership records, which, while open to the public, still require physical access to view. Because all early blockchains were permissionless, controversy has arisen over the blockchain definition. An issue in this ongoing debate is whether a private system with verifiers tasked and authorized (permissioned) by a central authority should be considered a blockchain.[36][37][38][39][40] Proponents of permissioned or private chains argue that the term "blockchain" may be applied to any data structure that batches data into time-stamped blocks. These blockchains serve as a distributed version of multiversion concurrency control (MVCC) in databases.[41] Just as MVCC prevents two transactions from concurrently modifying a single object in a database, blockchains prevent two transactions from spending the same single output in a blockchain.[42]:30–31 Opponents say that permissioned systems resemble traditional corporate databases, not supporting decentralized data verification, and that such systems are not hardened against operator tampering and revision.[36][38] Nikolai Hampton of Computerworld said that "many in-house blockchain solutions will be nothing more than cumbersome databases," and "without a clear security model, proprietary blockchains should be eyed with suspicion."[9][43]

Let’s explore if there is a hybrid blockchain concept (third type). A consortium blockchain would be a mix of both the public and private. Wherein the ability to read and write could be extended to a certain number of people/nodes. This could be used by groups of organization/firms, who get together, work on developing different models by collaborating with each other. Hence, they could gain a blockchain with restricted access, work on their solutions and maintain the intellectual property rights within the consortium.
Hon. Frank Zheng Ph.D., Professor, holds titles including Ph.D., Alexander Von Humboldt Fellow, and Special Economic Envoy of Antigua and Barbuda. Dr. Zheng is a world-renowned blockchain economist. He is currently the Executive Director-General of the UNNGO International Development Information Organization, Secretary-General of the World Blockchain Organization, Director of the Caribbean Free Trade Zone and Chairman of the Blockchain Commission, Chairman of the Caribbean Blockchain Institute, Antigua and Barbuda’s Special Economic Envoy to China. Dr. Zheng is also a well-known IT expert. He was a research professor and a doctoral supervisor at the Institute of Computing Technology Chinese Academy of Sciences, the director of the Shanghai Institute of Computing Technology, Chairman of the Shanghai Zhongke Mobile Communication Technology Co., Ltd., and chief operating officer of Alcatel Intelligent Terminal Equipment Co., Ltd. Dr. Zheng is also the standard-setter of IT technology. He was a member of the voting committee of the IEEE802 series of international standards organizations, deputy secretary-general of China National Audio and Video Standards Organization (AVS) and has participated in the standards development for the international Internet of Things standards, international third-generation communication network technology standards, and the development of national audio and video standards.
The authors have clearly thought this through. Not only do they present the reader with common use cases and design patterns for the application of blockchain tech to solve problems, they present working code. While the code is not linked to any repo (as far as I can tell), the examples are simple and clear enough to copy by hand and get them running. Recommended!
VeChain is gearing up to launch their mainchain, which will be named VeChain Thor Blockchain. During this launch, all VEN tokens will be exchanged to become VET at a 1 to 100 payout. This is essentially like a stock split and is positive news considering the massive partnerships the team has built. The team has also been working to get new projects to build on the Vechain Thor blockchain. Plair, a blockchain backed gaming platform and community, has been announced as the first ICO to debut on the platform. It will be an interesting couple of week but VEN/VET definitely gives a lot of reason for excitement, VEN currently trades at $4.32 on Binance.
xCrypt Referral is a simple system where you can make extra money by simply inviting your friends to our program. There are many advantages to the Referral program, the first of which is the simplicity of the plan. To make the concept more simple say if the left team has fewer business sales than the right team, the binary bonus will be paid based on the left team sales amount.
Others, such Preston Byrne, blockchain expert and COO at Monax, are more vocal in their dismissal of token sales as being legal at all. “Real investments are legal in nature in that they specify the rights and obligations of the parties to them and have to follow certain, entirely arbitrary formalities to be valid and binding,” Byrne said in a Slack conversation. “And they rely on the courts for their enforcement.”
Ardor is a blockchain platform predicated on childchains (sidechains) that use proof of stake (PoS) consensus. It uses the primary chain as a security chain and the childchains for processing transactions to increase scalability. Their design is specifically focused on speed and efficiency through PoS consensus and removing blockchain bloat through pruning.
that are issued by a party onto a blockchain for later redemption. They are the digital equivalent to physical assets. They are claims on an underlying asset (like the gold), that you need to claim from a specific issuer (the goldsmith). The transactions as tokens get passed between people are recorded on the blockchain. To claim the underlying asset, you send your token to the issuer, and the issuer sends you the underlying asset.
Finally, blockchain could be a means of transparently tracking prescription medicines. In a world where prescription returns do occur, and counterfeit medications are a real thing, blockchain offers drugmakers the ability to track their products based on serial and/or batch numbers to ensure that consumers are getting the real deal when they pick up medicine from the pharmacy. Merck is currently testing such a system for prescription drug returns.
Aly Madhavji is the Managing Partner at the Blockchain Founders Fund and a Co-Founder and the Former CEO of Global DCX (rebranded to Alluma), an innovative technology company launching secure digital currency exchanges across emerging markets. He is also an avid investor in early stage companies, digital currencies, and Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs). He has served on various token advisory boards including Polymath, Jet8, Hurify and traditional advisory roles including the University of Toronto’s Governing Council. He is an internationally acclaimed author, publishing three books, including the award-winning book titled, “Your Guide to Succeed in University”, as part of the Succeed Series. He has lived and worked across 4 continents (North/South America, Europe, and Asia) with PwC, PayPal, Microsoft, Bloomberg, and INSEAD. He also holds the Chartered Professional Accountant, Chartered Accountant, Certified Management Accountant, and Chartered Investment Manager designations. 
Clinton is the Co-founder & COO of Influencive which is an online media platform that teaches and inspires millions of people around the world about entrepreneurship, success, and blockchain. He's also the VP of Partnerships at ShipChain which is a company disrupting the shipping & logistics industry by utilizing blockchain technology. He's an established writer, Forbes featured speaker and Advisor at the BlockchainHub while being a two-time award-winning entrepreneur representing Canada at the G20 Young Entrepreneurs Alliance.
Much of the initial private blockchain-based development is taking place in the financial services sector, often within small networks of firms, so the coordination requirements are relatively modest. Nasdaq is working with Chain.com, one of many blockchain infrastructure providers, to offer technology for processing and validating financial transactions. Bank of America, JPMorgan, the New York Stock Exchange, Fidelity Investments, and Standard Chartered are testing blockchain technology as a replacement for paper-based and manual transaction processing in such areas as trade finance, foreign exchange, cross-border settlement, and securities settlement. The Bank of Canada is testing a digital currency called CAD-coin for interbank transfers. We anticipate a proliferation of private blockchains that serve specific purposes for various industries.

Coins are essentially digital financial assets. They are currencies in the real sense of the word because they are capable of being exchanged and used for trading. Tokens are also digital financial assets. But rather than being the actual assets in themselves like the coins, token is a representation of the actual financial assets, reflecting value upon entering the blockchain; they are separate entries on the blockchain and facilitate largely the creation of several other applications that are decentralized.
Roxana Nasoi is a leader in business strategy with almost a decade of experience in modern technology and health-tech, and over 7 years in private research (psychology& marketing). Currently helping Blockchain & AI startups and giving back to the community. She joined Aimedis as their CCO (Chief Communication Officer) in November 2017. She’s best known for connecting people worldwide, with a professional network in over 60 countries.
Once the name and quantity of a drug is shipped from a manufacturing company to be delivered ahead to the pharmacist, a smart contract with all the valid data like the information of the drug, the quantity of supply etc. can be created. This smart contract will be responsible for managing the entries throughout the entire supply chain between different intermediaries. Since the smart contract works on certain defined conditions, no one can alter them or make any changes in the contract thus, ensuring trust and authenticity of the drugs.
Waltonchain (WTC) is a project that has caused controversy from it’s ICO during a sensitive time in The Asian crypto markets, but has continued to deliver on the back of a revolutionary team and product in the IoT blockchain space. The WTC blockchain is uniquely built to integrate directly with RFID sensor chips which write directly to the blockchain. This ensures authenticity and ultimately enables teams to build hyper traceable ecosystems. There is massive value in this technology with a large number of supply-chain oriented businesses, and WTC has drawn partnerships with Alibaba Cloud and The China Mobile IoT alliance.
“Smart contracts” may be the most transformative blockchain application at the moment. These automate payments and the transfer of currency or other assets as negotiated conditions are met. For example, a smart contract might send a payment to a supplier as soon as a shipment is delivered. A firm could signal via blockchain that a particular good has been received—or the product could have GPS functionality, which would automatically log a location update that, in turn, triggered a payment. We’ve already seen a few early experiments with such self-executing contracts in the areas of venture funding, banking, and digital rights management.
The first thing Brad [Burnham] taught me when I joined Union Square Ventures is that one of the greatest things about working in the venture capital business is that you get to look at markets from a very different vantage point. Every day, we have the privilege to learn what the future is going to look like from the companies and entrepreneurs who are building it. It's thrilling, especially if you're technology geeks like we are.

That’s it! If the “state” being updated between participants was a digital currency balance, then we would have a payment channel. Steps 1 and 3, which open and close the channel, involve blockchain operations. But in step 2 an unlimited number of updates can be rapidly made without the need to involve the blockchain at all — and this is where the power of state channels comes into play, because only steps 1 and 3 need to be published to the network, pay fees, or wait for confirmations. In fact, with careful planning and design, state channels can remain open almost indefinitely, and be used as part of larger hub and spoke systems to power an entire economy or ecosystem.


Regular readers of mine know that I am a fan of ChainThat and more recently their partnership with the financial services focused Corda platform from R3. In November 2017, ChainThat announced a Series A investment from Xceedance, which has been followed with a partnership with Send Technology. ChainThat are included in the list of Top 10 blockchain solution providers 2018 in Insurance CIO Outlook.
We carry a range of identifications: Our driver’s license, computer password, identity cards, keys, social security ID, and so forth. Blockchain ID is a digital form of ID that’s engineered to replace all these forms of physical identification. In the future, fintech scientists say you’ll be able to use the one digital ID for signing up at any registrar. It is open source, secured by the blockchain, and protected by a ledger of transparent account.

Propy aims to solve the problems facing international real estate transactions by creating a novel unified property store and asset transfer platform for the global real estate industry. Initially the Propy Registry will mirror official land registry records in which transfers of real estate are recorded. Ultimately, however, Propy’s vision is that jurisdictions will adopt the Propy Registry as their official ledger of record such that the transfer of a property on the Propy Registry constitutes the legal transfer of the property and the legal registration of that transfer. By leveraging Propy Registry and Propy’s smart contracts platform, unnecessary delays and impediments inherent to legacy property rights registrations systems could be eliminated. The Propy platform seeks to enhance the security of transactions while reducing inefficiencies through its innovative use of mobile, cloud and blockchain technologies linking buyers, sellers, investors and registries around the world”


Given their importance I must make one special mention for one special class of keys, X509 certificates. Without getting in the details, let’s say that certificates rely on a technology (public key cypto) that used 2 different keys, one for signing (which remains private: only the authority has it) and once for verifying the signature (which is public, known by everyone and distributed via certificates). In order to verify a signature places by a private key, an app receiving the token needs to have access to the certificate containing the corresponding public key.
There are two hard problems to solve when you want to give the use of blockchains the necessary soundness to make them a reasonable way of resolving disputes in the business world. First, you need a good way to validate that the data that will be written to a blockchain is accurate. Second, once that's done, you need a way to write the validated data to the blockchain. 

A 30-year veteran of finance and economics, Steven began investing in bitcoin in 2011. He is co-founder of the San Diego Bitcoin Meetup and is an active Guest Speaker at various conferences covering the topic of bitcoin economics. BitcoinInvestor.com provides private client services, connects high net-worth buyers and sellers, and provides market data, news and research.
Coins by their nature and mode of creation are designed to operate by themselves independently. Coins share this unique feature with the everyday currency bills we find in our society. The ability to use the cryptocurrency Coins to trade as well as a unit of measure and exchange of financial assets is what makes it unique and gives it satisfaction of the appellation of ‘cryptocurrency.’ The Tokens, on the other hand, are not capable of being operated in isolation. They are not in themselves direct financial assets. They are rather a representation of digital financial assets as discussed. Thus, the tokens have to be based upon another platform, such as Omni and Ethereum, for them to exist and operate. They are not capable of direct entry on the blockchain.
Government: Blockchain technology holds the power to transform Government’s operations and services. It can play a key role in improving the data transactional challenges in the Government sector, which works in siloes currently. The proper linking and sharing of data with Blockchain enable better management of data between multiple departments. It improves the transparency and provides a better way to monitor and audit the transactions. 

Companies and governments across industries are exploring blockchain. Market intelligence firm IDC predicts global spending on blockchain solutions will more than double to $2.1 billion this year, according to a Cowen report on May 24. However, Cowen also said a survey of 23 executives and experts in the field expect on average the technology will take 5.9 years to gain widespread adoption.
The problem with this system is that if one of these components fails “the brand takes the brunt of the backlash,” says Phil Gomes of Edelman Digital. By utilizing blockchain technology “a company could proactively provide digitally permanent, auditable records that show stakeholders the state of the product at each value-added step.” Provenance and SkuChain are just two examples of companies attempting to resolve this issue.
This uniqueness makes the CryptoKitties extremely collectible, as someone could take interest in the characteristics of several kittens and wish to own many of them. But collectibles aren’t limited to digital felines. Humans have always had a history of collecting things; it’s nothing new. From physical coins to Pokémon cards, people love collecting. It’s a hobby that forms as a result of a unique interest in scarce items. Similar to how the value of a commodity is related to its scarcity, the value of a collectible item to a collector is connected to its rareness among other items.
In practice, the line between coins and tokens is not clear and sharp. Both are used to transfer value, as a means of payment, in a similar way to that both USD and shares are used to reward people for work (though predominantly the former). It’s possible to host coins as tokens on 2.0 platforms, as is the case with LH on Ethereum. And the purpose of coins can go beyond simple payments; Crown (CRW), for example, uses batches of 10,000 coins locked in ‘Trons’ — masternodes — as a kind of electoral college for governance votes.
Patrick is currently the CEO of Ambisafe, which has been pioneering blockchain technology since 2010. Ambisafe has launched over 20 blockchain projects including co-development of Tether, Bitfinex, Chronicled as well as launching the successful ICOs for ChronoBank, TaaS.fund, and Polybius.io. He is a Consultancy Advisor to Blockchain at Berkeley which is UC Berkeley’s student led blockchain group with over 200 student members. He is an Adjunct Instructor of Blockchain at the FinTech School where he created the Blockchain 101 web course and leads corporate workshops. He is also a cofounder of the OSCRE Blockchain Initiative which is brining together the commercial real estate industry to develop blockchain projects.

Cuando esta transacción recibe las suficientes confirmaciones, se manda una notificación a la otra cadena de bloques (la que tú quieres utilizar) en el que se adjunta la prueba de que las monedas han sido enviadas por ti a esa dirección especial de la red. Tras ello, en la sidechain se creará, de forma automática, el mismo número exacto de activos que bitcoins se mandaron, dándote a ti el control de los mismos. Es decir, replica en el nuevo activo la cuantía que has enviado de la cadena principal a la sidechain. ¡Muy importante! Recordar que no se han creado o destruido nuevos bitcoins. Simplemente se han movido hasta que no estén usándose en la sidechain.
Sidechain is a blockchain that runs parallel to the main blockchain. It extends the functionality of interplorable blockchain networks. Interpolable blockchain networks signifies the ability to share data between different computer systems on different machines. It means that data can be sent and received between interconnected networks eliminating the possibility of negative impact to the networks. Sidechain enables this to be done in a decentralised manner to transfer and synchronise tokens between two chains.
EOP will be airdropped to EOS holders in the proportion of 1:1. Snapshot time is world standard time 22:00:00 June 2 2018, (Beijing Time 06:00:00 June 3 2018). EOS community users need to send 0 ETH to contract address, and then get EOP super ecosystem candy. EOP will be an EOS-based side chain dedicated to linking online and offline. It will be mapped to the EOP main network after the EOP main line.
As a founder and CEO, Norbert has built up Grupa Warszawa – a company running trendsetting bars and casual venues, hiring hundreds of personnel and serving over half a million guests each year. Under his management, it has become the region’s exemplary modern gastronomy business. Grupa Warszawa was hosting stars such as Snoop Dogg, Afrikan Boy, Ella Eyre, Bo Saris, Jain and Kungs among many others. Norbert partnered with the most demanding fashion brands, from Comme des Garçons to Superdry or Reebok. Titles such as Forbes, Financial Times, The Guardian, Vogue, Vice and countless others have either wrote about him or his venues.
Security tokens get their name from the idea it is intended to act as a holder of value, sort of like a digital stock certificate if you wanted to equate it to the stock market. Once the ICO is over, your security tokens serve as evidence that you own a piece of the new cryptocurrency. Whereas utility tokens are only good for spending at the issuer’s “store,” security tokens will go on to gain and lose value with price fluctuations as the underlying currency becomes more widely adopted (or doesn’t). They also allow the holder to be paid dividends if the company is set up that way, which many are.

Few things are more important than documents showing you’re born, married, died which open your rights to all sorts of privileges (such as voting, working, citizenship), yet mismanagement is rife. Up to a third of children under the age of five have not been issued a birth certificate, the UNICEF reported in 2013.  The blockchain could make record-keeping more reliable by encrypting birth and death certification and empowering citizens to access this crucial information.
Sameer with 15+ years of experience in technology strategy, innovation, new venture creation, business development, international expansion, investments and scaling up, he incorporated SquareCircle Tech in 2014 with a vision to bridge the Code to Customer gap and create a geography agnostic ecosystem of product companies to help them grow in the MEA markets. Sameer’s core expertise has been in technology development and delivery across EMEA markets in the Petrochemical, BFSI, Government in solving their problems using Technology Innovation, Strategy, Operational Efficiency. He has been an active & a very early advocate of the UAE startup ecosystem.

Estonia is currently leading the way with its digital citizenship program. Immutably provable records of identity are increasingly valuable in a world where literally anything can be faked, even live news conferences. Eventually all organizations which require identification will have some form of encrypted database, preferably decentralized and very difficult to modify without correct permissions. A shift to digital, cryptographically-based identification systems would represent a change for everyone – no more losing your ID card, just regain access to your remote credentials. Or something similar. Again, this is a change in society we are likely to witness within our lives.
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